‘Chemical Peel’ might sound a little uncomfortable to neophyte ears, especially when you suggest them to apply it on their face. However, as absurd as the name sounds, it’s not as noxious as you’d imagine. Simply put, Chemical Peels for Skin is nothing but a souped-up version of exfoliation.
By definition, Chemical Peel is the application of an acid solution to lift away the accumulated layer of grime and dirt and polish away the build-up of dead and dull cells to improve the appearance of skin and hasten cell renewal.
Now, when someone ask, “Why do we need chemical peel in the first place for care of our skin? Isn’t regular exfoliation enough?” To give you a short answer related to skin, chemical peel goes a step further than your regular exfoliator getting to the core of your skincare beauty concerns. They maintain healthy skin by boosting cell regeneration and maximizing the benefits of skincare products.
In this article, we’ll walk you through a complete guide highlighting everything you need to know about Chemical Peels for your Skin.
[Also READ: 7 Most Popular Types Of Skin Care Therapy]
How does a Chemical Peel work?
Regular exfoliators remove the build-up of dead skin cells, grime, and excess oil from your face. On the other hand, a chemical peel removes the superficial layer of dead and tanned skin leaving a glowing fresh face behind. By doing this, the chemical peel removes hyperpigmentation and sun-damaged skin cells from your face. Certain peels also work by stimulating collagen production and unclogging pores. There are different types of chemical peels available depending on your skin concerns and requirements.
[Also READ: 7 Ultimate Reasons Why Is Skin Care Important]
Different Types of Chemical Peels for Skin
On the basis of strength and penetration level, chemical peels can be classified as:
- Superficial Peel: As the name suggests, the superficial peel only penetrates the superficial layer or the outer layer of your skin (epidermis). It is composed of mild Alpha-hydroxyl acid and performs gentle exfoliation of the skin. It is perfect for treating rough skin or mild discoloration on body parts, such as the face, neck, and chest.
- Medium Peel: Medium peel penetrates deeper than superficial peel into the middle layer of your skin. Glycolic acid, a type of medium peel, removes the damaged skin layer and, thus, treats sun spots, age spots, moderate discoloration, freckles, etc.
- Deep Peel: These peels penetrate into the deeper layers of your skin.
Which Chemical Peel is for You?
Looking at the different types of chemical peels present in the market can leave one confused and troubled. Therefore, before experimenting with one on your skin, it’s important for you to understand how chemical peels work and what are they used for.
The majority of peels contain alpha-hydroxy (AHA) or beta hydroxy (BHA) acids. The difference between these two acids is the level of exfoliation and chemical composition. AHAs (lactic acid or glycolic acid) are water-loving peels that increase cell renewal and turnover rates, thus, stimulating a burst of exfoliation. On the other hand, BHAs (salicylic acid) are larger molecules that remove dead skin cells and are best for oily, acne-prone skin.
[Also READ: The Best Skin Care Routine for Oily Skin]
Lactic Acid (AHA)
Lactic Acid is a gentle peel derived from sour milk that helps your skin retain moisture, leaving it smooth and plumped out. It is also found naturally in the skin and acts as a natural humectant. Chemical peel with Lactic Acid is best for black skin with mild hyperpigmentation, skin aging, refining skin texture, early-onset wrinkles, and rosacea.
[Also READ: 5 Tried & Tested Anti Aging Tips for Your Skin]
Glycolic Acid (AHA)
Originally made from sugar cane, Glycolic Acid is one of the highly efficient and professional chemical peels used by estheticians. Depending on the severity of the skin conditions, experts recommend Glycolic acid with concentration ranging from 20%-70%. The results will depend on the application time and strength of the peel. This chemical peel is best for dark skin with hyperpigmentation, sun damage, mild to severe aging skin, loose skin, acne, and associated scarring.
[Also READ: The Truth about Anti-aging Skin Treatments]
Salicylic Acid (BHA)
BHA chemical peels are oil-based making them perfect for oily and congested skin types. Salicylic acid is a mild anti-inflammatory peel that deep cleanses your skin, removes built-up oil and debris, control oil production, and reduces pore size.
Citric Acid (AHA)
Naturally occurring in citrus fruits, such as oranges and lemons, Citric Acid creates a mild peeling effect and has plumping and brightening effects. Often times, it is added to other peels as a gentle booster for its antioxidants. A chemical peel of citric acid is best for skin lightening, smoothing, reconditioning, and brightening.
At times, chemical peels can contain more than one active ingredient in a combination. Active ingredients can include citric acids, mandelic acid, lactic acid, etc, such as in PCA Skin Chemical Peel.
How to take care of your skin after a Chemical Peel for good result?
If done properly with expert guidance, a chemical peel can give unbelievable results. Lack of pre and post-procedure care can result in dry and flaky skin. So, in order to save yourself from dry skin after a chemical peel, make sure you:
- Avoid direct exposure to sunlight 24 to 48 hours after the treatment
- No makeup 24 to 48 hours after the treatment
- Avoid using a face wash, soap, or any chemical product on your face. Only use plain water to wash your face.
[Also READ: The Best Home Remedies for Acne Overnight]
Here you go, folks! I hope this article did a successful job in getting rid of any stigmas attached to ‘Chemical Peels’. Although the term may appear scary to our light-hearted beauties out there, it’s simply not as it appears. In fact, chemical peels can bring magical and incredible transformation to your face and skin.
Are Chemical Peels bad for your Skin?
Despite popular myths, chemical peels for skin are an excellent way to treat skin acne, hyperpigmentation, skin dullness, wrinkles, sun-damage, etc. They maintain healthy skin by boosting cell regeneration and maximizing the benefits of skincare products.
Is a Chemical Peel good for the Skin?
Chemical peel treatment can improve the overall appearance and health of your skin by removing dead cells and boosting the cell renewal and turnover rate. The application of chemical acids peels off the topmost layer of your skin leaving a smooth, glowing, and fresh face.
What are the best Chemical Peels for Aging Skin?
Glycolic Acid is the best chemical peel for aging and loose skin.